Raymond Hains was born in Saint-Brieuc, France, in 1926 and died in 2005. He lived and worked in Paris and Nice. He was one of the founding members of the Nouveau Réalisme movement. He became known for his hoarding works and torn posters, whose metal frames he kept or transferred to canvas. Hains followed an unusual artistic path centring on word play, hypnagogic photographs (with fragments of glass), associations of ideas and found objects.